Exercise No. 1 (Lesson 3)

(A) Read these words and translate the following Arabic Phrases:

  • اَلْبَيْتُ

  • اَلثَّمَرُ

  • اَلصَّلاَةُ وَ الزّكاَةُ

  • خُبْزٌ وَ لَبَنٌ

  • صاَلِحٌ أَوْ فاَسِقٌ

  • اَلْحَسَنُ اَوِ اْلقَبِيْحُ

  • اَلْماَءُ وَ اْلخُبْزُ

  • اَلتَّمْرُ وَ اللَّبَنُ

  • جاَهِلٌ وَ عاَلِمٌ

  • اَلْإِنْساَنُ وَ اْلفَرَسُ

  • دَرْسٌ وَ كِتاَبٌ

  • اَلْعاَدِلُ أَوْ الظَّالِمُ

  • جَمَلٌ وَ فَرَسٌ

(B) Translate the following words or phrases into Arabic. Use the definite article ( ال ) wherever the words are definite.

  • a horse

  • a man

  • a man and a horse

  • bread and water

  • a man and a fruit and a house

  • the salāh and the learned man

  • the pious one and the transgressor

  • the man or the horse

  • the milk and the bread

  • a man and a horse

  • the ugly one and the beautiful one

  • a cat and a boy

  • the moon and the sun

  • the camel or the horse

Evaluation 1

  • What is the definition of ( الكلمة )?

  • How many types of words are there? Define each one with examples.

  • What is the major difference between a noun and a verb?

  • How many tenses are there?

  • From the following words, state whether the words are (اسم)  ،  (فعل) ، (حرف)

                                 هُوَ ،  مِنْ  ،  ضَرَبَ  ،  يَذْهَبُ  ،  بَلَدٌ  ،  اَلْفَرْسُ  ،  إِلَى  ،  سَمْعٌ

  • Define what is (*\) and (l?q) with examples.

  •  How many types of (*\ ”) are there?

  • Say whether the following words are definite or indefinite.

                                 زَيْدٌ ، مَكَّةٌ ، بَلَدٌ ، رَجُلٌ ، اَلطَّيِّبٌ ، نَحْنُ ، اَلْفَرَسُ ، حَسَنٌ ، قَبِيْحٌ ، هَذَا

  • In the above-mentioned words, what type of ( معرفة ) and ( نكرة ) are they?

  • What is the hamzah of (ال) called?

  • Join the word ( هُوَ ) to the words ( اَلْوَلَدُ ), ( اِسْمٌ ) and ( اِبْنٌ ) and read them.

  • When ( ال ) is added to the words ( اِسْمٌ ) and ( اِبْنٌ ), how are they read?

  • What is ( نون التنوين )?

  • How is a word having tanween joined to a word having ( ال  )?

  • What are the ( الحروف الشمسية ) and the ( الحروف القمرية )?

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