Menstrual Cycle (Hayd)
There is no (authentic) proof (legislated) defining the least or most about of duration that it remains (with the woman keeping her in impurity). As well there is also (no authentic proof legislated defining) the period of purity (or lack of Haayd).
The one with a known cyclical period (of Menstruation) is to act upon that. The others are to judge (between their differing forms of vaginal bleeding). The blood of menstruation is different than other types of bleeding. Therefore the woman is deemed in a state of Haayd when she sees the blood that is known to be that of Haayd. Haayd (Menstrual bleeding): dark, smelly blood that comes in regular schedule intervals.
Narrated ‘Aisha (radiyallahu anha): Fatima bint Abu Hubaish had a prolonged flow of blood and Allah’s messenger (alayhis salatu was salaam) told her, “The menstruation blood is a dark recognizable blood, so if that comes then avoid prayer. And if it is the other (light coloured blood) then perform wudhu and offer salaat.” Reported by Abu Da’uud and An-Nisa’i. Saheeh.
(Otherwise) she is in a state of Istihaadah if the blood is not that of Haayd and is to be considered pure. This is a light coloured blood that does not smell is istihaadah (natural bleeding from an internal vein). She is to wash the remnants of the blood and is to make Wudu’ before every prayer. The woman in a state of Haayd is not to pray, fast or be engaged in sexual activity until she performs the Ghusl after her Haayd comes to an end. She must make up the fast of her missed days.
Post-Childbirth Bleeding (Nifas)
Such bleeding usually occurs to women after childbirth and may continue without fixed duration, although in some cases, there may not occur bleeding at all. However, on the strength of the teachings of the Prophet (peace be upon him), a woman experiencing post-childbirth bleeding has a maximum confinement period of about forty (40) days after which, she is required to make Ghusl and commence her Islamic duties. If, however, the blood does not cease after 40 days, most scholars are of the opinion that the woman should continue with her regular Islamic duties.
Acts Forbidden to Women Experiencing Menstruation and Post-Childbirth Bleeding
- All acts mentioned herein before, as forbidden to persons requiring Ghusl are also prohibited to women experiencing menstruation and post-childbirth bleeding. Such as:
- Praying ( Obligatory or Optional Prayers [Fardh or Sunnah]).
- To read the Holy Qur’an or hold it.
- To perform tawaf at the Holy Ka’abah.
- To stay within the premises of the Masjid.
- Fast (Sawm) both obligatory or optional fasting.
Narrated by Mu’Aja (radiyallahu anha): “I asked ‘Aisha (radiyallahu anha): ‘Is a woman having her Menstrual Period (hayd) required to make-up with her fasting (on the month of Ramadhan), and as well as her obligatory prayers?’ ‘Aisha answered: That matter came to us during the time of the Holy Prophet (alayhis salatu was salam), we were told to make-up for our missed fasting and we were not obliged to make-up for the (obligatory) prayers. Reported by Bukhariy and Muslim.
- A woman cannot engage in a sexual intercourse.
The companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him), asked him about this and Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) revealed the following Qur’anic verse:
- سورة البقرة -
“ And they ask you about menstruation. Say: It is a discomfort; therefore keep aloof from the women during the menstrual discharge and do not go near them until they have become clean… ” (Qur’an 2:222).
Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas said that Allah’s messenger said:
اصنعوا كل سيء إلا النكاح
“Do everything you wish, except having sexual intercourse.”
All scholars are of the opinion that a husband may touch any part of his wife’s body above the navel and/or below the knees. This fact, is based on the confirmations of the Prophet’s wives, that when the Prophet (peace be upon him) wished to be with them during their periods, they would put something over their private parts.