Arabic Nouns ENDINGS Sentence Function.

Arabic nouns have ENDINGS


to show their functions in a sentence.


Just like us, when we go to office, Bank or factory for work we have work cloths or uniforms, when we go for formal functions like weddings, Valimas or reception, we dress accordingly. When we are at home, we wear different cloths and when we retire for the night to sleep, we put on sleeping dress. In short, we dress according to what the occasion or function demands.

Similarly, the Nouns have different endings to show their function in a sentence. It can be a subject ( Nominative case or مَرْفُوْعٌ ending ) or it can be an object of a verb ( Accusative case or مَنْصُوْبٌ ending) or it can be a possessor of a thing or come after a preposition or an adverb ( Genitive case or مَجْرُوْرٌ ending).

There are three endings of Noun (the vowel sign on the last letter of the noun).

1. DAMMAH —————  الكِتاَبِ , كِتاَبٌ , مُحَمَّدٌ , الباَبُ , باَبٌ

2. FATAH      —————  الكِتاَبَ , كِتاَباً , مُحَمَّداً , الباَبَا , باَباً

3. KASRAH   —————  الكِتاَبِ , كِتاَبٍ , مُحَمَّدٍ , الباَبِ , باَبٍ

1. When the last letter of a noun has a DAMMAH

It is said to be a مَرْفُوْعٌ (it indicates a NOMINATIVE CASE)

           .حامدٌ طالبٌ مجتهدٌ .     آمنةُ بنتٌ جميلةٌ.    ذَهَبَ مُحَمّدٌ إلى السوقِ

2. When the last letter of a noun has a FATAH.

It is said to be مَنْصُوْبٌ (it indicates ACCUSATIVE CASE).

. كَمْ دُولاراً عِنْدِكَ.  أشْهد أنّ محمدٌ و رسوله. رأيتُ محمداً في السوقِ

3. When the last letter of a noun has a KASRAH.

It is said to be مَجْرُوْرٌ (it indicates GENITIVE CASE).

هذا كتابُ محمدٍ.      الساَّعَةُ إلى السَّرِيْرِ.        أيُّ يَوْمٍ هذا؟         أيُّ شَهْرٍ هذا؟

Please memorize the above ARABIC TERMS and watch carefully the ENDING VOWEL SIGNS ON NOUNS TO KNOW ITS FUNCTION IN THE SENTENCE.

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This entry was posted in اللغة العربية (Arabic Language Lessons) and tagged , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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