The one who (intends to) relieve himself is to ensure that he is hidden from the sight of others by entering into a lavatory or moving far from the places of habitation. He is to (squat down) near the ground and refrain from speaking
and carrying on with regular activities, for it is prohibited.
(The one who intends to relieve himself) must not do so in the places that it
has been prohibited in the Shar‘ (Islamic Law) or (out of) decency (knowing it is unacceptable in society).
When relieving oneself the individual should not face the Qiblah nor turn his
back to it.
Upon completion the individual must cleanse oneself with at least three pure
stones or that which is equivalent to them (in cleaning ability).
It is preferred to seek refuge (al-Isti‘athah) before beginning,and seek
forgiveness and Praise (Allah) upon completion.
13 Eating, drinking, reading, writing are all things that are not to be performed while reliving oneself.
14 Such places of prohibition include stagnant water bodies, on the banks of a flowing river, places where water is drawn, roadways, shade of a tree.
15 One should not face the direction of the Ka‘bah nor turn his back to it while answering the call of nature whether indoors or outdoors to the best of ones ability. This is due to the general directive of Rasool ul Allah (alayhis salatu was salam ). On the authority of Abu Ayub (radiyallahu anhu) that Rasool ul Allah (alayhis salatu was salam ) said: “Neither face nor turn your back to the Qiblah while defecating or urinating, but turn towards the east or the west.” (Agreed upon and found in all the seven main books of Hadeeth.)
16 Anything that is Tahir with a physical nature and which is other than bone, or dung can be used.
17 Anas (radiyallahu anhu) reports that Rasool ul Allah ( alayhis salatu was salam ) on entering the lavatory used to say: “Allahumma inni
a‘udhu bika minal khubthi wal khabaa’ith: O Allah! I seek refuge with You from devils –male and females (or offensive and wicked deeds or spirits).” Agreed upon and reported in all the seven main books of Hadeeth.
18 It is important to note that there is no authentically reported hadeeth establishing that one should praise Allah after relieving oneself.
19 ‘Aisha (Radia Allahu ‘anha) said: “When Rasool ul Allah ( alayhis salatu was salam ) came out of the lavatory he would say, “Ghufraanaka!” O Allah! Grant me Your Forgiveness.” Reported by Ahmed, at-Tirmithi, Abu Dawoud and al-Hakim guarded it as Saheeh. Some of the commentators have explained that Rasool ul Allah (alayhis salatu was salam) would ask for forgiveness because during the time span that he was answering the call of nature he was not engaged in the Zikr (remembrance) of Allah.